What is the language of Iran?

The official language of Iran is Persian which is the language taught in schools and used in official communications. Although the official language of Iran is Persian, a number of other dialects and languages including Arabic and Azeri and Kurdish are spoken in different parts of the country.  

Due to the historical relations between Iran and France, a great number of French words have become part of the Persian language most notably merci, the French word for thank you. Many words from the Arabic language have also found their way into Persian and become an inseparable part of the language.

In turn, the Persian language has lent almost 800 words to the English language including father, mother, daughter, brother, magic, name, saffron, candy, spinach, pistachio, star and paradise.

Here are some useful Persian phrases to remember before your trip.

 

English

Persian

Welcome

Khosh amadid

Hello

Salam

How are you?


Fine thanks, and you?

Hale shoma chetor ast?
 


Merci  khubam mamnun, shoma chetorid?

What's your name?



My name is ...

Esm e shoma chist?
 

Esm-e man ... ast
 

Where are you from?

I'm from ...

Shoma ahleh koja hastid?
 

Man az ... hastam

Pleased to meet you


Az molaghat-e shomâ khosh vaghtam

khosh-bakh-tam

Good morning

Sobh be-kheir

Good night

Shab be-kheir

Goodbye

Khoda hafez

Good luck

Mo'afagh bashed

Bon appétit

Nosh-e jan

I don't understand

I don't speak/understand Persian 

Nemifahmam

Farsi balad nistam/ Farsi nemi-fah-mam

I don't know

Nemidanam

Excuse me

Bebakhshid

How much is this?

Gheymatesh chande?
 

Can I have a discount?

 Takh-fif mi-dahid?

Sorry

Bebakhshid

Thank you

Merci

Mamnoon

moteshakeram

No thank you

Nemikha-ham merci

Na merci

You're welcome

Khahesh mikonam

Zendeh Basheen

Please

Lotfan

Khahesh mikonam

Where's the toilet?

Dashtshuee kojast?

Help!

Stop!

Komak!
Vay-sa

I lost my bag.

I lost my wallet.

Sakam ra gom kardam

Kifam ra gom kardam

Taxi

Tak-si

Can you get me a taxi please?

Tak-si mi-girid baraye man lotfan?

Please go to this address

Lotfan be een ad-res beravid

I will get off here

Hamin-ja Lotfan

Hamin-ja piyade mishavam

Where is the ….?

 …. Kojast?

Restaurant

Res-to-ran

Hospital

Bimarestan

Pharmacy

Daroo-khaneh

Hotel

 Hotel

Park

Park

Coffee

Starbucks 

Ghah-ve

Coffee shop

Tea

Teahouse

Chai

Chai-khaneh

Come here

Bia enja

Go / Go away

Boro

Hurry / quick /run

Bodo

A little

Yek kam

A lot

Ziyad

Big

Bozorg

Small

Koochak

Mr.

Ms./Mrs./ Miss.

Agha

Khanoom

I

Man

You (singular)

You (plural)

To (informal)/ Shoma (formal)

 Shoma

He/ She

 Oo

We

 Ma

They

ee-shan

1

yek

2

doe

3

se

4

chahar

5

panj

6

shesh

7

haft

8

hasht

9

noh

10

dah