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Naein or Naeen is a desert city in Isfahan Province, which neighbors Semnan Province in the north, Khorasan Province in the east, Yazd Province in the east and Ardestan and Isfahan cities in the west. The city has desert climate and experiences extremely hot summers and relatively cold winters.
The history of the city dates back to the Achaemenid (550-330 BC) and Parthian (247 BC–224 CE) eras when Naein served as an administrative center for Yazd. After the advent of Islam, the city became a rest stop for Caravans crossing the desert.
The name of the city is said to come from the Persian word ‘Ney’ meaning reed and it was named Naein as there were numerous reed beds in the area.
Naein is the producer of one of the finest and most sought-after Persian carpets. The Naein is made of high quality wool or silk and has a Shah Abbasi design. A Shah Abbasi design consists of elegant arabesque, palmette and lotus motifs and requires a high knot density. The Naein rug often has blue highlighting on cream or ivory backgrounds.
The city has various historical attractions ranging from the Parthian Narenj Castle, to the Jame Mosque, which is one of the first Islamic places of worship built in the country, the Mosalla prayer grounds where mystics and Naein Personalities are buried , Fatemi House and the ancient Reigareh Watermill.
One of the most prominent figures to hail from the city is scholar, journalist and politician Dr. Hossein Fatemi (1917 - 1954) who was a close associate of Pahlavi era (1925-1979) Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddeq (1882-1967) who nationalized Iran’s oil. According to Mosaddeq, it was Fatemi who originally proposed the nationalization of Iranian oil and gas assets.
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