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Located west of Kerman Province, Sirjan is the second most populated city in the province and neighbors Shahr-e Babak and Rafsanjan in the north, Bardsir and Baft in the east, Hajjiabad in the south and Neyriz in the west. Sirjan experiences cold winters and relatively mild summers and springs.
Some scholars believe the history of the city dates back to the Achaemenids era (550-330 BC) or the Parthian era (247 BC–224 CE) when a king named Vologases was in power. Others believe that the city was founded by the Sassanids (226-651 CE).
It is said that due to the presence of several mines and Qanats (underground water management system) in the area, the city was named Sirkan or Sirgan meaning mine-filled or Qanat-filled. After the Arab attack on Iran, as the new rulers of the country could not pronounce “ga” the name of the city was changed to Sirjan.
Sirjan’s historical attractions include the Sirjan Icehouse built by Qajar (1785-1925) philanthropists to provide ice for the inhabitants of the city, the Pahlavi era (1925-1979) Chopoqi (also Chopoghi) Wind Tower (calumet louver) considered to be the most unique wind tower in the country, the Sirjan Bazaar and Khalati House.
Sirjan is also home to Bagh-e Sangi or Stone Garden an abstract work of art created by a deaf-mute Gardner named Darvish Khan Esfandiarpour nearly four decades ago to protest the loss of his beloved garden.
The Sirjan Salt Playa, God-e Ghool no hunting zone which is a bird watching hub, the picturesque Pariz Region with its many valleys, waterfalls, springs and orchards, Gera Valley with its wild almond and pistachio trees and Mount Sarmashk are among some of the city’s top natural attractions.
The famous Shiriki Pich Kilim is produced by nomadic or village weavers, who are often more skilled than carpet weavers, in Sirjan. With its diverse and delicate patterns, this Kilim resembles a finely-woven carpet from a distance.
Like Kerman and Rafsanjan, Sirjan is one of the main producers of pistachio in the country. The city is also a producer of almond, walnut, olive and medicinal plants.
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