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Shahr-e Kord in central Iran is the capital of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province where a great percentage of the country’s nomad tribes live. Shahr-e Kord borders the cities of Saman and Ben in the north, Isfahan Province in the east, the city of Farsan in the west and the cities of Borujen and Kiar in the south.
With an altitude of 2,060 meters above sea levels it is one of the highest cities in the country. Shahr-e Kord has cold semi-arid climate and experiences hot summers with mild nightly temperatures and cool winters with cold nightly temperatures.
Based on archeological finds the history of human settlement in the region goes back to 9,000 years ago. The name of the city was originally ‘Dezh Gord’ with ‘Dezh’ meaning ‘fortress’ and ‘Gord’ meaning ‘hero’ in the Persian language. With the fall of the Persian Empire and rise of the Islamic rule linguistic differences led to ‘Dezh Gord’ becoming ‘Deh Kord’ making it easier to pronounce for the Arab rulers of the country. The name of the city was changed to Shahr-e Kord in 1935.
Some of the city’s historical attractions include the late Qajar era (1785-1925) Chaleshtar Historical Complex where a Bakhtiari chieftain who once governed the city lived, the Labor and Life Museum in Chaleshtar Historical Complex which houses items demonstrating the nomad way of life, Arbab Mirza Saqqakhaneh which is a water fountain dedicated to the martyrs of the 680 AD Battle of Karbala, and the Archeology Museum in Parhizgar Bathhouse which houses artifacts from 9,000 years ago.
Shahr-e Kord’s natural attractions include Zayandeh Rood Dam Lake which is a fishing destination, the city of Saman where Qashqai nomads live, the tiered Sar Aqa Seyyed Village in Chelgard which is home to Bakhtiari nomads, the Fritillaria Imperialis Plain with its scarlet and yellow flowers, Chama Cave with its unique icicles, Chelgard Ski Resort which is suitable for alpine skiing, the 50-meter Kuhrang Tunnel Waterfall, Sheikh Ali Khan Waterfall, Kuhrang Spring near which nomads have set up camp and Dimeh Spring which is the origin of the famous Zayandeh Rood river.
City of Kindness, Roof of Iran
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