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Kandovan Village is one of the world’s three rock-hewn towns, which is still functioning today. Locals believe those fleeing the Mongol invasion built the village and say their village is 700 years old. The caves of Kandovan resemble a gigantic termite colony. The structures were formed by ash and debris from when the now-dormant Mount Sahand volcano erupted sometime in the last 11,000 years. Most cave dwellings are two to four stories and have living areas, a storage room and an animal shelter. Many have porches, windows, doors and stairwells carved into the rock. These cave-homes are energy efficient as the rock provides adequate insulation to keep the interiors comfortable during the cold season and cool during the summer.

Kandovan Village

  • Address

    Sahand Rural District, Central District of Osku County